Workshop with IOM member in Libya
CIMCETT organised a meeting today at the UAB Law School with the coordinator of the Research Office in IOM Libya, Ms. Linda Cottone.
Ms. Cottone explained the work of IOM to combat human trafficking and migrant smuggling. She has also offered opportunities for research stays and internships for university students and researchers at the IOM Libya.
Esther Zapater participates in the round table organized by AMJE (Association of Women Judges of Spain): "Towards a society without traffickers and without trafficking, I am also a victim of trafficking" within the Workshop "Sin trata contrata"
Esther Zapater, member of the CIMCETT group, participated on November 23 at the round table dedicated to prevention: "Towards a society without traffickers and without trafficking, I am also a victim of trafficking" within the workshop dedicated to the prevention, regulation and insertion of women victims of trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation titled Sin Trata Contrata, which took place at the Palau Macaya of Fundació La Caixa. The event, organized by the Association of Women Judges of Spain, member of the International Association of Women Judges, aimed to discuss the best ways to fight and prevent the new model of slavery in the XXI century: trafficking in women and girls for the purpose of sexual exploitation.
CEMCETT organized the congres "Dialogues for a better international cooperation in the fight against human trafficking and migrant smuggling"
On November 15 at the headquarters of the European institutions in Barcelona, was held the Congress Dialogues better international cooperation in the fight against trafficking and human trafficking. Specialized representatives in THB and smuggling issues of institutions such as the International Organization for Migration (IOM), the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), Frontex, Europol and the General Council of the Judiciary participated in the panels.
In the first session, dedicated to inter-institutional cooperation, were addressed issues such as the compatibility and / or suitability of the existence of an important plurality of networks and joint initiatives (problems of overlaps, efficiency, competition ...); the proliferation of databases and their relative utility; and the role of NGOs, their importance, cooperation and possible competition.
In the second session, dedicated to international cooperation on persecution with special emphasis on the Spanish casuistry, was analyzed the problem of identifying victims of trafficking and the problems that in practice involves its differentiation with the crime of smuggling; the effectiveness of European cooperation mechanisms (mainly Europol and Eurojust); the problems posed by the absence of legal frameworks to make cooperation more effective (the need for protocols or memoranda between parties) and the fundamental role of the states have and the application of the principle of mutual trust.
The day closed with an interesting exchange of ideas in which all the speakers and members of CIMCETT participated
Esther Zapater participates in the round table organized by the ICAB: "Trafficking in persons with sexual exploitation purposes"
Esther Zapater, member of the CIMCETT group and dean of the Law Faculty of Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona, participated in the round table organized by the Barcelona Bar Association (ICAB) on November 14th. The act - which was preceded by the documentary “The pimp. Short step, bad blood” directed by Mabel Lozano-, addressed the problem of the possible criminalization of procuring. In the framework of the round table, the dean of the ICAB said that from its institution will come shortly a proposal for legislative amendment in this regard. For her part, Dr. Zapater focused on the underlying causes of the upturn that trafficking in persons is taking, basically, the poverty, conflicts and profitability of a business that entails little risk for the profits it provides.
CIMCETT facilitates the coordination of an H2020 proposal
The members of CIMCETT are preparing a proposal for one of the topics of Challenge 7 on security within the H2020 programme. The knowledge acquired during these two years because of CIMCETT has allowed them connect with universities, think tanks, NGOs and companies around the EU to coordinate this European project, which will be submitted to the Commission in August 2019.
The project is named Active management of migration to promote successful integration (AMMProSI). This project seeks to predict and model migration flows as well as facilitate integration of regular migrants within the EU Member States. It will create a tool (EUmigraTool) that intends to centralize information on a) migrants entering the EU territory, b) integration policies of the EU Member States, c) public attitudes towards migrants, and d) information about the countries of origin, among others. The EUmigratool will be used by border authorities, LEAs, local associations and NGOs through a secure platform that will be accessible at different levels for 3 purposes: Prediction, management and integration of migrants.
Seminar "Protection of human rights and decent work" UAB-UFS (Brazil)
Dr. Claudia Jiménez participated as guest speaker at the table “Human Rights protection: present and future in a multidisciplinary vision” within the Seminar on Protection of human rights and decent work co-organized by the Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB) and the Federal University of Sergipe (UFS) (Brazil) in the framework of DRELATES and GEDH research projects.
Thanks to the cooperation agreement signed between the UAB and the UFS, as well as the existing memorandum of understanding between the UAB and the ILO, professors from both universities were able to discuss various aspects related to the protection of human rights, especially within the scope of work field. In this scientific environment, dra. Jiménez intervened in the session with a presentation that dealt with the vulnerability of victims of labor exploitation and the practical difficulty of existing international mechanisms to offer feasible protection in the face of passivity when not connivance of the states.
Working session with the juridical services of Open Arms NGO
In the framework of the collaboration that began in March 2017, members of CIMCETT met with the lawyer and founding member of Open Arms Eduard Aguayo to analyze and study possible legal strategies before the accusation of a criminal organization dedicated to migrant smuggling by the italian justice.
Claudia Jiménez, speaker at the III International Seminar on Transparency and Good Governance: "Corruption and trafficking in human beings: links and challenges"
The researcher Claudia Jiménez Cortés was invited to participate as a speaker at the III International Seminar on Transparency and Good Government that took place at the Carlos III University of Madrid on May 17th.
The researcher, who was part of the first panel dedicated to the "International Law of Human Rights and Trafficking in Human Beings" presented a paper on "The direct relationship of systemic corruption and impunity in the crime of trafficking in human beings"
(see presentation in the annex)
Fourth meeting CIMCETT
The fourth meeting of the CIMCETT members took place today. During the meeting the last events that the group has organized in March-April have been discussed. Also, it has started the organisation of the international conference that will take place on Friday October 26, 2018. Particularly, the conference has been structured,and the organizations that wil be invited have been identified. Finally, there has been a debate about the questions that will be addressed in the conference.
Attendance to the 8th Annual International Symposium on Human Trafficking and Migrant Smuggling
Today 17th April 2018 two members of CIMCETT travelled to Brussels to attend the 8th Annual International Symposium on Human Trafficking and Migrant Smuggling. The conference gathered professionals from ONGs, law enforcement authorities and academics within the EU Member States, all of them focused on the crime areas of human trafficking and migrant smuggling. During the sessions, many sessions on prevention, detection and prosecuting such crimes took place. It was also a very good platform form networking and hearing diverse perspectives on how the multiple actors deal with this matter.
Seminar "functions and challenges of international organizations in their fight against trafficking and smuggling in persons: an inside vision". Linda Cottone (UNICRI)
Today CIMCETT group has organized a workshop at the Faculty of Law of the UAB, in which Linda Cottone, who since 2016 works for Migration - Human Trafficking and Smuggling of Migrants Department of UNICRI (UN) has been invited. Before joining UNICRI, Cottone worked in the protection of refugees with UNHCR in Spain and later in the International Organization for Migration (IOM). During various missions to IOM, Cottone covered West Africa based in Niger, working on issues of prevention of irregular migration and against radicalization and violent extremism. He was also working in Djibouti (Horn of Africa), where she managed the Mixed Migration Program. In March 2015, during the outbreak of the conflict in Yemen, she was also in charge of coordinating the humanitarian response for IOM. Outside the United Nations system, Linda worked for the Italian government as a legal advisor in the field of social integration policies for regular migrants, refugees and asylum seekers and victims of trafficking.
In today's workshop, Linda has explained to the members of CIMCETT group the functions and challenges that international organizations such as UNICRI, IOM and UNHCR have when dealing globally with the crimes of migrant smuggling and human trafficking. She has also explained the cultural, political and religious difficulties that exist at the international level in order to establish acooperation for the prevention and prosecution of these crimes with the countries of North and East Africa. The session has been very interactive and CIMCETT members have been able to ask questions and receive very valuable information within the framework of the CIMCETT project.
Debate on the refugee crisis and migrant smuggling
Last 20 March, a debate on the refugee crisis took place at the European Documentation Center of the UAB, in which CIMCETT member Cristina Blasi participated. She gave her point of view on several legal issues and on the human trafficking problem. Representatives of the Fundació Autònoma Solidària (FAS) also participates, as well as the Syrian refugee of Palestinian origin, Abobaker Mahmoud, who shared their personal experience, including their contact with the traffic mafias.
Working seminar: "Soft law as a para-legal tool to fight against irregular immigration
Within the framework of the seminar series organized by CIMCETT, Dr. Ángel Rodrigo, professor at Universidad Pompeu Fabra, gave a seminar about the soft law as a tool to fight against irregular immigration. The session was followed by a discussion forum on the issue with varius academics from the Law Faculty of Autonomous University of Barcelona
Cristina Blasi in the debate "What solution for the migratory crisis?"
CIMCETT member Cristina Blasi has participated today in the debate "What solution for the migratory crisis?", within the program "Cycle of debates Jean Monnet Program" Towards a more integrated European Union? Achievements, challenges and opportunities". The event took place in the Auditorium of the Faculty of Economics and Business of the University of Barcelona.
In the debate has also participated Ferran Terradelllas, Director of the Representation of the European Commission in Barcelona.
During the debate several issues related to EU migration and asylum policy have been addressed. The actions of the EU to combat migrant smuggling offenses have also been mentioned. Dr. Blasi has also questioned whether the EU-Turkey Agreement should be considered an effective instrument to reduce the number of traffickers helping refugees to enter the territory of the EU, and what have been the real implications for the refugees.
Attendance in Odysseus Conference 2018
On 1 February 2018, the The Odysseus Network’s 3rd Annual Conference took place in Brussels, and two members of CIMCETT were there. This year all sessions tackled EU Migration and Asylum policies. The former UN Special Rapporteur on the Human Rights Migrants opened the plenary session. There were many interesting workshops on EU Migration policies, for instance the conference on the ‘judicial passivism’ in EU Migration and Asylum Law. Speakers established the link between EU law and refugee protection on an international scale, and they also discussed the Visa Code Reform. Finally, there was also an interesting conference on the international responsibility for the cooperation of the EU and its Member States with the Libyan coastguards.
Third working meeting CIMCETT
CIMCETT has held its third working meeting at the Faculty of Law of the University of Girona. It addressed issues related to the activities related to the project, and future conferences in the framework of smuggling and trafficking of persons.
As the most important point of the meeting, the members of the group have designed the map of measures of the existing instruments at European and international level in the field of smuggling and trafficking of persons. In order to di that, the following specific criteria have been examined: i) prevention measures, ii) victims, iii) substantive right, iv) measures procedural and v) cooperation.
Components of the research group participate in the Seminar of the ERA "Countering Migrant Smuggling"
Researchers from the CIMCETT project traveled to Trier to participate in the expert seminar organized by the European Academy of Law (ERA) entitled "Countering Migrant Smuggling. Tools and Challenges", which took place on November 30 and December 1 at the headquarters of the Association.
Second meeting CIMCETT
The CIMCETT research team held its second working meeting at the Law Faculty of the UAB. The meeting addressed issues related with the monitoring of the project, the ongoing work and future publications and conferences concerning human trafficking and human smuggling. Also the work for the next trimester had been scheduled, the possible parameters for systematizing the international normative instruments in the areas of trafficking and smuggling were discussed and the tasks related with it assigned. It had been agreed to prepare a draft to discussed at the next meeting in December wich will be held at Girona University. The tasks each member conduct regarding the website was reviewed and the next working meeting and a second research seminar had been scheduled for Decembre.
Conference AEPDIRI 2017
Last Septembre several members of the CIMCETT project participated in the AEPDIRI 2017 Conference on "Rethinking the European Union: Governance, Security, the Internal Market and Citizenship" and presented a communication on combating human trafficking and human smuggling in the EU.
Work at the refugee camp in Skaramagas (Athens)
Dr. Cristina Blasi is working for two weeks in the Skaramagas refugee camp (Athens) as part of the field research of our project.
CIMCETT working seminar: The Red Cross role in the detection of victims of trafficking in the refugee crisis
The CIMCETT team held a monothematic seminar on the role of the Red Cross in the recognition (detection) of victims of trafficking in the refugee crisis, by Dr. Bárbara Díaz, International Cooperation, Human Rights and International Humanitarian Law of the Red Cross, Catalonia.The seminar reflected on the role of institutions and non-governmental organizations in the current refugee crisis, the role of mafias from the perspective of the people on the ground, the particular situation of women as well as issues of more practical nature of the type questionnaires, indicators, process of reception, the hotspots, etc.
Meeting of the CIMCETT group with the NGO "Open Arms"
Members of the CIMCETT team meet at Barcelona's RC Marítim with representatives of the NGO "Open Arms" within the framework of the legal advisory collaboration that the UAB's Law Scohool and, in particular, the CIMCETT team, maintains with this NGO and the Fundació Marítim. During the meeting, the results of the research on the rules applicable to the delimitation of maritime areas were presented, as well as questions relating to rescue and rescue competencies and obligations. Based on the information provided by the CIMCETT team, it was discussed possible strategies in the face of the new challenges and obstacles that the NGO must face in the field.
First CIMCETT team meeting
Following the granting of the R+D of the project "La cooperación internacional como medio imprescindible para combatir el tráfico y la trata de personas", the research team met at the Law Schoolof the UAB to start the work. The meeting addressed issues related to the distribution of responsibilities and functions, the presentation of communications to congresses and conferences, the delimitation of issues and strategies to address and the priority issues (victims and refugee crisis).